THE BEATLES

The Beatles were an English rock band, formed in Liverpool in 1960 and one of the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed acts in the history of popular music. From 1962 the group consisted of John Lennon (rhythm guitar, vocals), Paul McCartney (bass guitar, vocals), George Harrison (lead guitar, vocals) and Ringo Starr (drums, vocals). Rooted in skiffle and 1950s rock and roll, the group later worked in many genres ranging from folk rock to psychedelic pop, often incorporating classical and other elements in innovative ways. The nature of their enormous popularity, which first emerged as the „Beatlemania” fad, transformed as their songwriting grew in sophistication. The group came to be perceived as the embodiment of progressive ideals, seeing their influence extend into the social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s.
With an early five-piece line-up of Lennon, McCartney, Harrison, Stuart Sutcliffe (bass) and Pete Best (drums), The Beatles built their reputation in Liverpool and Hamburg clubs over a three-year period from 1960. Sutcliffe left the group in 1961, and Best was replaced by Starr the following year. Moulded into a professional outfit by music store owner Brian Epstein after he offered to act as the group’s manager, and with their musical potential enhanced by the hands-on creativity of producer George Martin, The Beatles achieved UK mainstream success in late 1962 with their first single, „Love Me Do”. Gaining international popularity over the course of the next year, they toured extensively until 1966, then retreated to the recording studio until their breakup in 1970. Each then found success in an independent musical career. McCartney and Starr remain active; Lennon was shot and killed in 1980, and Harrison died of cancer in 2001.
During their studio years, The Beatles produced what critics consider some of their finest material, including the album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967), widely regarded as a masterpiece. Four decades after their breakup, The Beatles’ music continues to be popular. The Beatles have had more number one albums on the UK charts, and held down the top spot longer, than any other musical act. According to RIAA certifications, they have sold more albums in the US than any other artist. In 2008, Billboard magazine released a list of the all-time top-selling Hot 100 artists to celebrate the US singles chart’s fiftieth anniversary, with The Beatles at number one. They have been honoured with 7 Grammy Awards,[5] and they have received 15 Ivor Novello Awards from the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. The Beatles were collectively included in Time magazine’s compilation of the 20th century’s 100 most important and influential people.

Band members:

  • John Lennon
  • Paul McCartney
  • Ringo Star
  • George Harrison

The Beatles in 1964
Clockwise (from top left): John Lennon, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, George Harrison.

Discography:

  • Please Please Me (1963) 
  • With The Beatles (1963) 
  • A Hard Day’s Night (1964) 
  • Beatles for Sale (1964) 
  • Help! (1965) 
  • Rubber Soul (1965) 
  • Revolver (1966) 
  • Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band (1967)
  • The Beatles (aka White Album) (1968) 
  • Yellow Submarine (1969)
  • Abbey Road (1969) 
  • Let It Be (1970)

Musical style and evolution:


In Icons of Rock: An Encyclopedia of the Legends Who Changed Music Forever, Scott Schinder and Andy Schwartz sum up The Beatles’ musical evolution:
In their initial incarnation as cheerful, wisecracking moptops, the Fab Four revolutionized the sound, style, and attitude of popular music and opened rock and roll’s doors to a tidal wave of British rock acts. Their initial impact would have been enough to establish the Beatles as one of their era’s most influential cultural forces, but they didn’t stop there. Although their initial style was a highly original, irresistibly catchy synthesis of early American rock and roll and R&B, the Beatles spent the rest of the 1960s expanding rock’s stylistic frontiers, consistently staking out new musical territory on each release. The band’s increasingly sophisticated experimentation encompassed a variety of genres, including folk-rock, country, psychedelia, and baroque pop, without sacrificing the effortless mass appeal of their early work.
In The Beatles as Musicians, Walter Everett points out Lennon and McCartney’s contrasting motivations and approaches to composition: „McCartney may be said to have constantly developed—as a means to entertain—a focused musical talent with an ear for counterpoint and other aspects of craft in the demonstration of a universally agreed-upon common language that he did much to enrich. Conversely, Lennon’s mature music is best appreciated as the daring product of a largely unconscious, searching but undisciplined artistic sensibility.”
Ian MacDonald, comparing the two composers in Revolution in the Head, describes McCartney as „a natural melodist—a creator of tunes capable of existing apart from their harmony”. His melody lines are characterised as primarily „vertical”, employing wide, consonant intervals which express his „extrovert energy and optimism”. Conversely, Lennon’s „sedentary, ironic personality” is reflected in a „horizontal” approach featuring minimal, dissonant intervals and repetitive melodies which rely on their harmonic accompaniment for interest: „Basically a realist, he instinctively kept his melodies close to the rhythms and cadences of speech, colouring his lyrics with bluesy tone and harmony rather than creating tunes that made striking shapes of their own.”[ MacDonald praises Harrison’s lead guitar work for the role his „characterful lines and textural colourings” play in supporting Lennon and McCartney’s parts, and describes Starr as „the father of modern pop/rock drumming… His faintly behind-the-beat style subtly propelled The Beatles, his tunings brought the bottom end into recorded drum sound, and his distinctly eccentric fills remain among the most memorable in pop music.”
Influences:


The band’s earliest influences include Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Chuck Berry, whose songs they covered more often than any other artist’s in performances throughout their career. During their co-residency with Little Richard at the Star Club in Hamburg from April to May 1962, he advised them on the proper technique for performing his songs.[  Of Presley, Lennon said, „Nothing really affected me until I heard Elvis. If there hadn’t been Elvis, there would not have been The Beatles”.[ Other early influences include Buddy Holly, Eddie Cochran, Carl Perkins, Roy Orbisonand the Everly Brothers. The Beatles continued to absorb influences long after their initial success, often finding new musical and lyrical avenues by listening to their contemporaries, including Bob Dylan, Frank Zappa, The Byrds and The Beach Boys, whose 1966 album Pet Sounds amazed and inspired McCartney.  Martin stated, „Without Pet Sounds, Sgt. Pepper wouldn’t have happened… Pepper was an attempt to equal Pet Sounds„.

The Beatles! Every song is known throughout the world. I’ve been hearing theirs songs since I was a child.

My favourite songs is for example:

  • „Yesterday”
  • „Michelle”
  • „Yellow Submarine”
  • „Help”
  • „Let it be”

and others…

\”Yesterday\”

\”O, darling!\”

\”Let it be\”


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